- 07/01/2017: The Links page is renewed.
Check it out
- 07/01/2017: Happy new year! A big surprise in under completion
for 2017. Stay tuned.
- 02/12/2016: Magnus Carlsen keeps his title of World
- 06/05/2016: Minor corrections of author's
- 03/04/2016: Correction of a detail for the rules of Cannon's
move in janggi.
- 23/05/2015: Two new papers downloadable on the Library.
- 29/11/2013: Magnus Carlsen is the new World
- 09/06/2013: A 2004 paper from Masukawa about Shogi's history
added in the Library.
- 29/05/2013: Two more papers about Indian Chess added to
- 28/05/2013: Terachess and Gigachess
rules updated with promotion for many pieces.
- 25/05/2013: Le récent "Le jeu d'échecs
médiéval: une histoire symbolique" de Michel
Pastoureau (2012) contient les mêmes erreurs qu'en 2004.
- 22/05/2013: Terachess has been
fabricated in Vietnam. A pretty nice work!
- 12/05/2013: Few updates concerning historical
texts for Shogi.
- 17/03/2013: A new page with the oldest
know Janggi pieces. Update of the Janggi
- 19/01/2013: A new page dedicated to the numerous 4-Handed
xiangqi (siguo xiangqi)
- 19/01/2013: Update with many new photographs of 3-Handed
and 7-Handed xiangqi.
- 02/01/2013: Happy New Year 2013 to all readers! Update of
Earliest European chessmen
page, thanks to precious remarks from Sylvestre Jonquay from
- 30/09/2008: Updating Shogi
- 24/05/2008: The Library welcomes
- 06/05/2008: A MONSTER
Chess Variant with 128 pieces of 24 kinds over a HUGE 16x16
board -> Terachess.
- 06/05/2008: "Balance 12",
a new CV on a 12x12 board.
- 06/05/2008: Updating minor rules for Perfect
12, Toulousain Chess, Gigagess.
- 06/05/2008: Deep revision of many of my Chess
Variants. Updating the catalog.
- 05/02/2008: A hard-to-find classic paper about Patolli in
the Library (thanks TD).
- 22/01/2008: 5 papers in the Library
- 20/01/2008: A MAJOR ADDITION :
The Chess and Games Library.
A place where to download papers and articles about Chess and
other games history.
- 19/01/2008: Photo of Lothal
- 19/01/2008: Sad news: Bobby Fischer passed away yesterday.
- 30/12/2007: Minor updates on all Sources
pages concerning Japanese games.
- 29/12/2007: New images of Chinese
- 29/12/2007: Minor updates on all Sources
pages concerning Chinese games.
- 24/12/2007: a small complement on Fazang's
- 23/12/2007: In 1913, A. Le Coq reported the finding of 2
interesting Chess piece: an Afrasiab-like
Chariot and a Xiangqi Pao (Cannon),
both found in Gaochang on the Silk Road. Check it out!
- 22/12/2007: a personal and critical review of "The
Beginnings of Chess", a recent paper from Michael Mark.
- 20/12/2007: Some minor updates in Sources
- 01/12/2007: more references from
North of Spain. New chess pieces
from early Spain and from France (collection N. Devigne).
- 22/11/2007: Some news of Luca Pacioli's
Chess manuscript, written in 1500 and recently discovered.
- 11/11/2007: Update of all champions' page. Xu Yuhua for
women and V. Anand are the current Chess
- 29/09/2007: Update of Shogi
- 09/09/2007: Un nouveau livre écrit en collaboration,
Les Jeux de dés.
- 14/07/2007: Addition of a new photograph of a set in the
- 14/07/2007: Addition of many new photographs (from R.Pozzi)
for Shatar 2 page.
- 13/07/2007: Revisions on Shatar
- 13/07/2007: New photographs on Angkor,
- 12/07/2007: Revision of Hiashatar
- 12/07/2007: Correction of mistakes on Main
Chator pieces names.
- 06/06/2007: Minor revisions (links) on Shako
and Toulousain Chess pages
- 03/06/2007: Sophie, my princess is born today, Mother's
day. Welcome on Earth Sophie!
- 13/05/2007: Un manuscrit de Luca
Pacioli (vers 1500) retrouvé.
- 05/05/2007: Incredible! This Afghan
chess set might be the oldest in the World.
- 05/05/2007: More ancient Arab,
Russian and European
- 04/05/2007: Several new antique
- 04/05/2007: More photographs on Main
- 28/04/2007: Is Bâna's Harshacharita
evocating a Chess ancestor in ancient India? The point remains
- 22/04/2007: Update Xiangqi and Shogi Champions pages, new
- 20/03/2007: Minor revisions on Xiangqi history here.
- 02/11/2006: New Liubo photographs.
- 02/11/2006: Kramnik is the
unified Chess World Champion
- 01/10/2006: Towards re-unification: Topalov
vs Kramnik is on-going
- 28/07/2006: Addition of a lot of new references, mostly
dealing with mediaeval Europe in the
- 16/07/2006: Minor modifications of the 4-Handed
- 20/06/2006: Update of ALL LINKS.
Click now, it's all OK!
- 19/06/2006: A new page dedicated to the Ager
chessmen, one of the earliest European set
- 16/06/2006: Addition of very nice shots of an old ivory
Indian chess set
- 07/05/2006: Updating Xiangqi
and Shogi Champions' page.
- 15/04/2006: Sadly many excellent books, mostly French, keep
telling the wrong history about 4-Handed
Chaturanga. When history is corrupted... Find a list of
who's right - who's wrong.
- 15/04/2006: New diagrams and minor corrections on Shatranj.
- 12/04/2006: More references and few corrections on the "sources"
- 06/04/2006: Korean Chess should better be named Janggi
- 03/01/2006: addition of a photograph of an old Changgi
board and set.
- 04/12/2005: Veselin Topalov is the new Chess
World Champion. Lu Qin, again World Champion of Xiangqi
- 09/11/2005: correction of a small mistake in Shogi
page, thanks to Pon in Japan
- 31/07/2005: many new illustration of Islamic-style
- 30/07/2005: New photographs in Indian
- 29/07/2005: New photograph in Sittuyin
- 28/07/2005: Adding new illustrations on the Liubo
- 27/07/2005: Photograph of the earliest extant Shogi
piece (dated 1058)
- 25/07/2005: A new page for controversial archaelogocial
findings: Chess or not Chess?
- 14/07/2005: Refection with new photographs of medieval
- 11/07/2005: Adding more medieval references on these
- 12/06/2005: New medieval chess
pieces found in Spain and France. (Thanks to Alejandro Melchor
and François Houdebert
- 09/06/2005: Few new photographs of Chess pieces
- 08/06/2005: Following intense and passionating discussion
with Sonja Musser, she updated her view on Alfonso's Grant
Acedrex and I updated my page accordingly.
- 15/04/2005: Shogi : and now Habu
won Kio again.
- 14-15/04/2005: Update of all "sources"
and Xiangqi pages to include revision
and new information about history of Xiangqi.
- 23/02/2005: Shogi : Habu won
- 06/02/2005: Minor refections on Sources
pages. The young (20 y) Akira Watanabe won his first title:
Ryu-O. A new Shogi star is born.
- 26/10/2004: Kramnik kept his title of unofficial Chess Champion
with a draw against Peter Leko. A first step towards the re-unification
of Chess World ? Read there.
In Japan, Habu reconquered
Oi and was crown Oza for the 13th years in a row !
- 17/09/2004: Drawing of earliest extant Shogi
pieces kept in Nara, Japan. Medieval Chess pieces found in a
dig in Pineuilh, France.
- 31/08/2004: The official rules of European
Chess. Why European? Read there. Cette page propose aussi
les règles officielles des Échecs en français.
- 30/08/2004: Coming back from holidays. Many new pages and
- The Shogi page was missing.
It is (finally!) made.
- 11 new pages have been made for all historical Shogi
variants. See them all from here.
- A page for Chatrang / Chaturanga,
the seminal Indo-Persian game and one for Shatranj,
the Arabic medieval Chess.
- Grant Acedrex was described
in 1283 by King Alfonso X. The usually given rules have
several errors. Full analysis here.
- Shatar 2 with corrections
from Rodolfo Pozzi
- new photographs from Angkor temples
(from Bernd Ellinghoven)
- 02/08/2004: A new page about ancient Indian terracotta
figures which could be chessmen.
- 31/07/2004: Important information and new photographs added,
kindly communicated by Manfred Eder. Revision of Sittuyin
page, Archaeological findings section,
of the Afrasiab page.
- 25/07/2004: Who cares? Rustam Kasimdzhanov, 54th at FIDE
ratings, has became the new Chess
World Champion. The new woman World Champion is Antoaneta
Stefanova, cute and smart. Shogi
champion page is updated as well. The "findings"
page and the section about my books
have been completey remade.
- 24/07/2004: Welcome on a new server: history.chess.free.fr
for a better quality.
- 12/06/2004: Shatar page updated
and a new Shatar 2 page with many
more photos added.
- 08/06/2004: New photos for Liubo.
Take a look at this very intriguing old cup.
- 18/05/2004: More new images on First
Arabic, First European
- 13/05/2004: New images on First
Arabic, First European
- 10/05/2004: New images on First
European, India, Cambodia
- 08/05/2004: Shogi champions
page has been updated.
- 01/05/2004: Traduction en français de la page sur
- 01/05/2004: Revisions on the Links
- 24/03/2004: Color photos for the Charlemagne
- 21/03/2004: Have you ever see a Tibetan
Chess set ?
- 21/03/2004: Minor additions to Shatar
and Hiashatar pages.
- 17/03/2004: Page about 4-Handed
Chaturanga has been revised.
- 12/03/2004: I've made small - no, not really small - changes
in the History section.
- 04/03/2004: MAJOR RELEASE: A
very long work! At last the page listing main literate sources
about Chess history, previously only available in French in
its complete form, has been fully translated, corrected and
augmented. Now, there are 5 long pages instead of 1 before !
- 28/02/2004: Insertion of Schach-Journal references
on Charlemagne and old
- 01/02/2004: New links : the original text file (in old-Castillan) and
the English translation of King Alfonso X "El
Sabio" book: "Libro de los juegos".
- 18/01/2004: I ask an important question: by reconsidering
the Ashtapada board, I see a possibility that 1) Ashtapada was
a circular race game (as Pachisi and as many other Asian race
game) and 2) Ashatapada and Liubo might be connected somehow.
Check it that!
- 17/01/2004: Updating all regional Chess pages already available
from the clickable map.
- 15/01/2004: Still working on, including Murray's photos
on existing pages. GalPoGelTze is a war game, but is not Chess.
- 14/01/2004: I am looking for information about Tibetan
Chess and GalPoGelTze
- 12/01/2004: New pages about Chess in Madagascar,
Ethiopia and Malay
- 11/01/2004: Addition of name of pieces in Changgi
- 10/01/2004: New pages about Chess in Mongolia and Tibet
: Shatar, Hiashatar
- 09/01/2004: More details in English about my new book "Du
Senet au Backgammon".
- 05/01/2004: Slight updating of sources,
old texts and xiangqi
- 01/01/2004: Happy new year to all our friends. My best wishes
for a better world. Let's start with some detail corrections
on Charlemagne and other old
pieces following information brought to me by Manfred Eder
(many thanks!). I should get back on these very soon.
- 14/12/2003: Moriuchi is the new Ryu-O.
- 13/10/2003: My third book, "Du
Senet au Backgammon" is BORN : I just got it from the
- 12/10/2003: Here are the reconstructed
rules of Liubo, the mysterious Chinese game !
- 20/07/2003: What kind of game was Ashatapada?
- 19/07/2003: What is the mysterious Prasena,
evoked by the Chinese monk Fazang (died 712 AD.). Was Prasena
and Xiangqi the same?
- 19/07/2993: Xiangqi has its page
now. Discover its history.
- 09/07/2003: Discover Toulousain
Chess, my new large chess variant
- 22/06/2003: Habu wins his
4th Meijin title
- 19/06/2003: Refreshing my links
- 03/06/2003: Info is on-line how to order the "Anatomy
- 02/06/2003: I'm glad to announce the release of "The
Anatomy Of Chess", a new book
written and compiled with my friends Gerhard Josten and Myron
- 12/05/2003: My mail address has changed : email@example.com
- 28/04/2003: Updates at Liubo and Shogi
Champions pages (Habu defeated in Kio !).
- 25/04/2003: Liubo page updated
- 22/04/2003: Butrint page updated
with informations kindly sent by Sean Evans.
- 30/03/2003: A page dedicated to the mysterious
- 30/03/2003: If your Latin is somewhat weak, now, you can
read the English translation
- 04/03/2003: At last a new page : dedicated to the famous
Vida's Latin Chess poem (1513)
- 20/02/2003: Habu defeats Sato the Osho
holder and takes back this title.
- 12/01/2003: Happy new year ! Habu has kept the Ryu-O title.
Now he will try to win the Osho where he is the challenger.
- 23/12/2002: European and Open Shogi : results
from 18th ESC and 4th WOSC
- 21/12/2002: Yu wins the Chinese Championship of Xiangqi
- 06/12/2002: Habu keeps Oza
- 09/11/2002: Following a discussion with Francesco Cappiotti,
I had to temper my critics about Butrint
piece : Queens were present in European Chess at early times.
It as the modern move which was to be invented yet. Thanks to
- 03/11/2002: It has nothing to do with Chess : I have invented
a card game and I look for an editor. If you don't like Rugby,
you can forget it. Otherwise, go and see there : Ovalia.
- 13/09/2002: A new page about interculturalichessity.
When Shogi meets Chess.
- 03/09/2002: New additions to archaelogical pages 1
- 02/09/2002: Have you heard about recent archaelogical finding
in Butrint, Albania. The oldest Chess piece in Europe ? in the
World ? Look here.
- 01/09/2002: I'm back again. I promise to make some additions
soon ! By the way, hard time for the Shogi title holders: Sato
has won the Kisei and Tanigawawa took the Oi from Habu. See
- 25/05/2002: a new link to Chesmayne Chess Dictionary.
- 19/05/2002: Toshiyuki Moriuchi is the new Meijin after a
bright victory (4-0) against Maruyama.See Shogi
- 07/04/2002: Habu keeps Kio tournament with a 12th successive
win but loose the Osho to Yasumitsu Sato. See Shogi
- 29/03/2002: Finally ! My latest chess variant is on this
site : try INVASION !
- 22/03/2002: Xiangqi news
: Lu Qin, current World Champion, also won the 5-Ram Cup.
- 08/02/2002: Minor arrangements.
- 04/02/2002: News from the Stars : the young Ukranian Ponomariov
is the 16th F.I.D.E. World Chess Champion and Lu
Qin won his 4th Xiangqi World Championship.
- 27/12/2001: Zhu Chen is the new Woman World Chess
- 26/12/2001: Today's my birthday. I've finally finished the
Sittuyin page. Discover the Burmese
- 22/12/2001: A new page dedicated to Chess
- 16/12/2001: Habu gets the Ryu-O
again, 5 years after loosing it.
- 21/11/2001: A page with a collection of 20
different types of chessmen, all in Staunton style.
- 21/11/2001: A link to Chavet Chess, manufacturing company with
a nice catalog (include Xiangqi, Shogi, 3 Handed Chess, ...).
Worth to see.
- 17/11/2001: A link to Peter Banaschak's site is added.
- 11/11/2001: A page dedicated to the Charlemagne
set and another to the Lewis Chessmen.
With nice scans with good definition. The Afrasiab
page is also modified.
- 30/10/2001: A page dedicated to the Afrasiab
Chessmen. With nice scans with good definition.
- 29/10/2001: No, the Four-Handed
Chaturanga is not the oldest ancestor of Chess.
- 28/10/2001: New references are
mentioned for Indian Chess. ( en français...)
- 27/10/2001: Are the oldest Chess pieces from the 2nd century
? Read about the mysterious Dalverzin-Tepe
Elephant and Bull.
- 16/10/2001: Updating Xiangqi
and Shogi Champions records.
Habu keeps winning in Oi and Oza but loses Kisei to Goda.
- 14/10/2001: New links to learn everything about the Silk Road and about the Kushans.
- 13/10/2001: MAJOR RELEASE : A consistent
scenario is proposed here for Chess birth and first
evolution. Read a complete story over several new pages
- 04/10/2001: After a huge explosion in a chemical plant on
21/09/2001, Toulouse, France my city is cruelly wounded. As
things must go on, I'm back with new stuff. New
illustrations in History section.
- 06/09/2001: Hello friends ! I'm back from summer holidays
and my mind is full of new ideas. I will start with some new
material in History section with Asian
varieties. Check it out, it's just the beginning !
- 02/08/2001: John's widow, Lynne Gollon has given permission
for a Cleveland Museum to publish the as-yet unfinished 2nd
edition of "Chess Variations Ancient, Regional and Modern".
This is an interesting development for all Chess Variant enthusiasts
all over the world !
- 02/08/2001: The eldest nephew of John Gollon wrote me about
his uncle and Hill's Cambodian
Chess. Read at the end of the page !
- 02/08/2001: A new link towards a
Dutch book upon Chess variants from H. van Haeringen.
- 08/07/2001: Photos of chess
piece from 1000 AD found in Colletière, France. Corresponding
link to web page.
- 01/07/2001: Maruyama is Meijin
again. Find the web-book about Mankala and
Divination from Wim an Binsbergen
- 11/05/2001: Updating old text
page again. Révision de la page Sources.
- 05/05/2001: Updating old text
page. Révision de la page Sources.
- 20/04/2001: Habu won the Kio for the 11th
consecutive years !
- 09/04/2001: Shogi champions
- 03/04/2001: A new link added to Chessgalaxy.com.
- 29/03/2001: Want a new piece ? See our
- 28/03/2001: A new chessvariant is born !!! Try GIGACHESS,
a huge battle on a really bigboard.
- 27/03/2001: Tamerlane 2000
and Perfect 12: Gryphon is almost
as powerful than the Queen. A slight mistake in Zillion's files
has been corrected. Thanks Ivan. You can download the updated
- 17/03/2001: Habu won his 6th
Osho in a row
- 11/02/2001: A new link added to a friend
- 03/02/2001: Lu Qin won the 5 Ram Cup.
- 28/12/2000: Fujii beats
Habu and takes its 3rd Ryuo title in a row.
- 25/12/2000: Anand and Xie are the new FIDE
- 17/12/2000: See the very
first, alleged or indisputable Chess piece from Sassanid
Persia. Completed with the earliest Russian sets.
- 07/12/2000: A new page dedicated to Chess
- 05/12/2000: The rules for my proposed Proto-xiangqi
and Proto-Chaturanga are now entirely
- 03/12/2000: A new page dedicated to Xiangqi
Champions. Please help me to complete data there !
- 02/12/2000: Information updated about Afrasiab
- 29/11/2000: My second book, "L'Univers
des échecs" is BORN : I just got it from the
- 24/11/2000: Look at the first known chess piece in Asia
(Elephant) and in Europe (Venafro
- 22/11/2000: A new page dedicated to Shogi
- 18/11/2000: Plenty of new photographs and images added in
the History section.
- 13/11/2000: A new section devoted to archaeological
findings of chessmen all around the world.
- 09/11/2000: The enigma of Cambodian
- 09/11/2000: Look at the definitive cover for my upcoming
- 03/11/2000: I've finished to relook all existing pages.
Some have been enriched. The rules for variants are now included.
- 31/10/2000: You can order my books on-line using the links
in the Book section
- 31/10/2000: A new look for the site.
(Des habits neufs pour le site Shako)